It’s not unusual for a writer to use a pen name (nom de plume in French). Mark Twain is probably the most famous fake. Twain’s real name was Samuel Langhorne Clemens, but he also used Sieur Louis de Conte.
There are many reasons for using a pen name:
- To make the author’s name more distinctive, more glamorous or more interesting
- To disguise the author’s gender Some disguises do not disguise much. Initials often indicate a female writer who doesn't want to be known as a female, like J. K. Rowling in the beginning of her career.
- To protect the author from retribution, especially if the book is an exposé
- To avoid confusion with other authors or famous people
- To hide ethnicity or alter apparent ethnicity
- To develop different personas for different genres such as fiction and nonfiction, or chick lit and sci-fi
- To have a name more appropriate to a genre (male western writer Zane Grey was born Pearl Zane Gray)
- To avoid overexposure by having too many books on sale at one time
- To avoid embarrassment, such as when a professor writes porn, or to shield the author’s family from revelations of an unconventional or illegal past
- If your name is hard to spell, remember, pronounce or seems too “foreign” or “ethnic.” The original family name of author Irving Wallace was Wallechinsky. His kids write as David Wallechinsky and Amy Wallace.
- If you’re afraid that the book could jeopardize your success in another field
Don Novello wrote books as Lazlo Toth, and appeared on TV as Father Guido Sarducci. Punk-rock bass player Sid Vicious was born John Ritchie. Cher was Cherilyn Sarkisian.
Sometimes just a slight change can do the job. F. Scott Fitzgerald is probably a better choice than Francis or Frankie Fitzgerald. Edward Jay Epstein has written more than a dozen books, perhaps with more success than hundreds of ordinary Ed Epsteins.
When I checked, “Edward Epstein” was the #254,818-ranked full name in www.whitepages.com, with 123 occurrences. On the other hand, Juan Epstein, from Welcome Back, Kotter, is unique, with just one listed person in the United States. It may not be a real name, however. Maybe Juan’s real name is George Bush or Sally Smith. Or even J. K. Rowling.
|Two tough guys, one born Marlon, one born Marion|
If you have a common name like Bill Smith, you might be better remembered and found if you change to Xavier Huynh Bacciagalupe or Hamburger Smith. Hamburger is easier to spell than Huynh.
Some people think I'm a Marcos or Marquez. In the early 70's my full time job was assistant editor at High Fidelity Trade News. I was not supposed to freelance, but Rolling Stone offered me a gig to write a column about audio and video equipment. I became Mitchell Newman. Neuman is my middle name, so I was not deeply undercover.
A friend who did PR for several hi-fi brands thought I was two people. Later I worked for Rolling Stone full-time and briefly wrote as "Microphone Marcus," and then settled on my present brand name, with the distinctive middle initial to separate me from all of the other Michael Marcuses. I know of just one other Michael N. Marcus. He's a shrink.
When picking a nom de plume, think about it carefully, think about it for a few weeks, see how it looks on a website, in a press release, a book review and on a book cover.
The fake name must be BELIEVABLE.
[Above] I just don't think "Tarchon the Etruscan" ranks with "Attila the Hun," "Vlad the Impaler" or "Henry the Eighth" in reader motivation. Maybe Tarchon thought that readers would confuse him with Archon Eponymous, the big boss in ancient Athens.
[above] And, when the absurd name goes on a really horrible press release from a company known for horrible press releases, it's literary suicide. Bye-bye, Tarchon. Maybe your name can be sold to a company that makes video games.
Devil mask from costumes4less.com. Thanks!